In Australia, which psychedelics are legal?

In Australia which psychedelics are legal?

Most psychoactive drugs are prohibited in Australia; however, the TGA made a final decision in February 2023 to reschedule psilocybin and MDMA to enable their usage in the treatment of PTSD and treatment-resistant depression. In Australia which psychedelics are legal?

Summary of Psychedelic Drug Laws in Australia

  • Psilocybin and MDMA are only permitted for medicinal purposes.
  • In Australia, recreational usage of magic mushrooms is still banned.
  • The fine for possession begins at $2,000.
  • Federally, recreational cannabis is prohibited.
  • Medical marijuana is legal, but only in the form of certified pharmaceutical compositions.
  • The Australian government has funded $15 million in research into the use of psychedelics in psychotherapy.
  • There is no legal prohibition against purchasing magic mushroom growth kits and spores.

Australia Drug Scheduling Chart

ClassType of SubstancePsychedelics
1Not in useNone
2Pharmacy medicine; Dextromethorphine, aspirin, ibuprofen, non-sedating antihistaminesNone
3Pharmacist only medicine; Medications that are prescription-only, like pseudophedrine and salbutamolNone
4Prescription-only or prescription-ready animals; Prescriptions that represent a dependence risk, require further research, or are a new medicine, such as amoxicillin, anabolic steroids, all SSRIs, SNRIs, TCAs, MAOIs, and antipsychotics.None
5A word of caution: basic warning labels are necessary. Drugs or poisons of low to moderate toxicity that have few negative effects and require care in handling or storingNone
6Poisons; Requires distinctive package and strong warning labels; Has moderate to high toxicity and risk of severe injury or death if inhaled or consumedNone
7Dangerous Poison; high potential for injury at little exposure and necessitates particular handling and production measures; only available to those authorizedNone
8Controlled drugs; High potential for abuse and addiction, like cocaine, fentanyl, barbiturates, methamphetamine, opium, oxycodoneKetamine
9Prohibited drug; accessible only for prescribed uses such as analysis and medical or scientific research, including clinical trials, undertaken with Commonwealth and/or State/Territory health authorities’ consent, such as cannabis, coca leaf, kratom, heroin, and mescaline.MDMA, psilocybin, psilocin, DMT, LSD, Salvia divinorum, 2-CB
10Substances of danger; Sale, supply, and use are prohibited, like coal tar, borage, Juniperus sabina, oxyphenisatinNone


  • Australia List of Prohibited Substances 
  • State/Territory Scheduling

Yes, psilocybin, the active element in magic mushrooms, is permitted in a medicinal context. Psilocybin can be used by psychedelic-assisted psychotherapists to treat PTSD or depression.

Psilocybin’s recreational usage is still banned.

Psilocybin will be removed from Schedule 9 of the Poisons Standard by the TGA. This standard is used to describe compounds in general.

Each Australian state or territory, like the United States, is responsible for determining its own fines and punishments. This means that individual states can decriminalize psychedelics without the permission of the federal government.

The federal government recently provided $15 million in grants to assist research into the safe use of psychedelics in psychotherapy. Furthermore, Queensland health officials allowed Dr. Alistair McTaggart authorization to gather and categorize psilocybin mushrooms for medicinal use.

Finally, because they do not contain psilocybin, spores and grow kits are legal in Australia. However, cultivating them is prohibited, so if they thrive, you may face legal consequences.

Where to Buy Magic Mushroom Spores in Australia

Because they do not contain psilocybin, magic mushroom spores are technically legal to possess. However, producing magic mushrooms from spores is unlawful and can result in up to 25 years in prison, depending on the state. In Australia which psychedelics are legal?

Nonetheless, there is no legislation prohibiting the possession or purchase of magic mushroom spores without the goal of producing them, and they may be found for sale on the internet.

Do Magic Mushrooms Grow Wild in Australia?

Magic mushrooms do, in fact, grow naturally in Australia.

In Australia, there are roughly 30 kinds of psilocybin mushrooms. Some are indigenous, but many were brought from Europe, the Americas, and Asia and have subsequently become naturalized.

With the exception of Antarctica, magic mushrooms may be found in almost every habitat on the planet.

The following are some of the most frequent magical mushroom species found in Australia:

  1. Golden Teachers Magic Mushrooms 
  2. Albino Penis Envy Magic Mushrooms
  3. Psilocybe tasmaniana 

LSD is not legal in Australia.

In Australia, LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide) is classified as Schedule 9 of the Poisons Standard, which defines chemicals with the highest risk of misuse. As a result, save for medical or scientific study, its use, possession, and sale are prohibited.

Permission must be granted by the Commonwealth or territory authorities for such uses. Otherwise, depending on the jurisdiction, you might face a $2,000 fine or perhaps a few years in prison.

There is no sign that LSD will be legalized or decriminalized in Australia anytime soon.
Read more on how long does lsd stay in your system

DMT is not permitted in Australia.

DMT, often known as the spirit molecule, is listed under Schedule 9 of the Controlled Substances Act. Furthermore, bufotenin, a 4-AcO-DMT dosage analog discovered in the venom of the Bufo toad, is specifically included on this list.

While Australia maintains a harsh position on drugs, ayahuasca, and changa are not officially prohibited, and prosecution of users is extremely rare.

Yes, MDMA is now permitted in Australia for medicinal purposes. Outside of medical practice, it is still unlawful.

MDMA, widely known as ecstasy, is now placed on Schedule 9 of the Therapeutic Goods Administration’s (TGA) list of prohibited drugs. However, in February 2023, the TGA revealed plans to downgrade MDMA to allow for medicinal usage.

MDMA is a leading contender for legal psychedelic therapy in Australia, Canada, the United States, and Germany.

In Australia, ketamine is permitted for medicinal and veterinary use but highly restricted for recreational use.

Ketamine is classified as a Schedule 8 controlled drug in Australia. In the treatment of depression, approved clinics can already deliver ketamine to patients in the form of nasal sprays (Spravato) or IV infusions. Ketamine therapy is only approved for individuals who have failed to respond to conventional antidepressant treatments.

Marijuana is only authorized in Australia for medical purposes. Medical programs in this country are more stringent than in other areas of the world, and admission can be quite challenging.

Even if access is granted, most patients report difficulty in locating high-quality marijuana.

Marijuana usage for recreational purposes is prohibited in all states save the Australian Capital Territory. In this country, the use and possession of cannabis in amounts less than 50 grams has recently been decriminalized.

In 2016, the Australian parliament enacted the Narcotic Drugs Amendment, which legalized the use of cannabis for therapeutic purposes. The Department of Health is actively analyzing existing marijuana research for a variety of diseases.

Medicinal marijuana is a Schedule 8 drug that can only be obtained through pharmaceutical preparations. Patients suffering from epilepsy, chronic pain, chemotherapy-related nausea, or multiple sclerosis may seek permission from their doctor. In Australia which psychedelics are legal?

Furthermore, the TGA classifies all other forms of THC as Schedule 9 drugs. As a result, delta 8 THC and delta 10 THC isomers are just as illicit as the more well-known delta 9 THC. In the case of delta 8, however, a practitioner can approve its medicinal usage.

CBD (cannabidiol), CBC (cannabichromene), CBG (cannabigerol), and CBN (cannabinol) are all non-psychoactive cannabinoids extracted from hemp that are legal and available without a prescription in Australia.

What’s The Difference Between Legalization and decriminalization?

While the terms legalization and decriminalization are similar, they do not signify the same thing. The following are some key distinctions that can assist you to avoid conflating the two concepts.

When a drug is decriminalized, the penalties and fines for using or having it are considerably lowered but not removed. In the Australian Capital Territory, for example, cannabis for adult recreational use is decriminalized but still prohibited.

Legalization, on the other hand, entails the elimination of all penalties and fines for use, possession, and cultivation. As a result, the chemical is lawful, but with restrictions. Furthermore, the legalization of a substance establishes a regulatory framework for its selling.

What Are the Penalties for Use & Possession in Each Australian State?

Each area has its own drug regulations, so having a microdose or even smoking a joint might result in two entirely different consequences depending on where you are. In Australia which psychedelics are legal?

Australian Capital Territory

In the Australian Capital Territory, for example, if you are charged with simple possession of an illicit hallucinogenic chemical, you might face a $7,500 fine or up to two years in jail.

New South Wales

Using or possessing any illegal drug is a crime in New South Wales. Fines begin at $2200, but authorities in New South Wales can sentence you to up to two years in jail.

Northern Territory

In the Northern Territory, being found in possession of an illicit psychoactive drug such as magic mushrooms may result in a $2,533 fine or two years in prison.

While possession is an infraction, your sentence will be determined by the type of material and the amount involved.

Simple possession fines vary from $2,533 to $5,960, depending on whether the drug is Schedule 8 or Schedule 9.


Possession of prohibited drugs is also a crime in Queensland. Simple possession of marijuana is usually penalized by a fine. Furthermore, possessing paraphernalia, like bongs, can result in up to two years in prison.

Furthermore, having other chemicals might result in a punishment of up to $570,000 or 25 years in jail, depending on the amount. As a result, it may appear on your criminal record, hindering job applications and other opportunities.

South Australia

Police in South Australia can prosecute you with either use and possession or manufacture and trafficking. Both use and possession are punishable by a $2,000 fine or two years in prison. Despite this, the maximum punishment for marijuana-related offenses is $500.


In Tasmania, using and possessing forbidden drugs is a crime punishable by a fine of up to $7,850 or two years in jail. However, depending on the gravity of the offense, you may only be given a warning.


Using and possessing illegal drugs in Melbourne and throughout Victoria can result in a fine of up to $4,663 or a year in prison. However, the maximum punishment for using or possessing cannabis is $777, and you will not be imprisoned.

Western Australia

In Western Australia, the maximum penalty for possessing personal quantities of hallucinogenic chemicals is $2,000 and up to two years in jail. Furthermore, even minor possession might have an impact on your criminal record.

What’s The Future of Psychedelics in Australia?

Australia now has a strict attitude toward drugs. Because each state has the authority to impose its own sentences for possession offenses, punishments vary greatly from area to region.

Despite this, the government has funded $15 million for psychedelic research. These actions show that Australia is contemplating decriminalizing, if not legalizing, some psychedelics for medicinal purposes. MDMA, psilocybin, or research substances like 18-MC are the most likely candidates for this. In Australia which psychedelics are legal? In Australia which psychedelics are legal?

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